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Scientifically correct molecule model. Scaling: 1 Angstrom (Å) = 10, 15 or 20 mm.
Batrachotoxin (BTX) is an extremely potent cardiotoxic and neurotoxic chemical compound found in poison dart frog (also known as dart-poison frog, poison frog or formerly known as poison arrow frog).
Batrachotoxin comes from the Greek words "batrachos", meaning frog, and "toxine", meaning poison.
This extraordinarily lethal poison is very rare. Batrachotoxin is only found in three poisonous frogs from Colombia (genus Phyllobates) and three poisonous birds from Papua New Guinea: Pitohui dichrous, Pitohui kirhocephalus, and Ifrita kowaldi.
Poison dart frog is the common name of a group of frogs in the family Dendrobatidae which are native to tropical Central and South America. The most toxic of poison dart frog species is Phyllobates terribilis. It is argued that dart frogs do not synthesize their poisons, but sequester the chemicals from arthropod prey items, such as ants, centipedes and mites – the diet-toxicity hypothesis. Because of this, captive-bred animals do not possess significant levels of toxins as they are reared on diets that do not contain the alkaloids sequestered by wild populations.