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) is a large freshwater
lake in the Sierra Nevada
of the United States. At a surface elevation of 6,225 ft (1,897 m), it straddles the border between California
, west of Carson City
. Lake Tahoe is the largest alpine lake
in North America.
Its depth is 1,645 ft (501 m), making it the second deepest
in the United States after Crater Lake
(1,945 ft (593 m)).
Additionally, Lake Tahoe is the sixth largest lake by volume
in the United States at 122,160,280 acre·ft
(150,682,490 dam3), behind the five Great Lakes
The lake was formed about 2 million years ago and is a part of the Lake Tahoe Basin
with the modern lake being shaped during the ice ages
. It is known for the clarity of its water and the panorama of surrounding mountains on all sides.
The area surrounding the lake is also referred to as Lake Tahoe
, or simply Tahoe
. More than 75% of the lake's watershed
is national forest land
, comprising the Lake Tahoe Basin Management Unit
of the United States Forest Service
Lake Tahoe is a major tourist attraction in both Nevada and California. It is home to a number of ski resorts
, summer outdoor recreation, and tourist attractions
. Snow and skiing are a significant part of the area's economy and reputation.
Mountain and lake scenery are attractions throughout the year. The Nevada side also includes large casinos. Highways provide year-round access to the area.
This model of the Lake Tahoe was created at a scale of 1:100,000 using a 3x vertical exaggeration.
Data Sources: USGS and USDA