I present my pen refill adapter, for use in pens that take the Lamy M16 type ballpoint refill. It allows such pens to use the Mini/Multi D1 refills instead (not included).
The Lamy M16 refill is around 106mm long and 6.1mm in diameter. The D1 refill is around 67mm long and 2.3mm in diameter.
I appreciate that the D1 refill is generally a less practical refill, compared to the Lamy M16, in terms of ink volume. However, since the Lamy M16 is a propriatary refill (although Monteverde do now make a compatible pattern refill), the D1 refills come in many more varieties, like the Pilot Hi-Tec-C Slims or Zebra JSB, which are not available in the Lamy M16 refill size, so this adapter exists to hopefully provide flexibility, between your favourite pens and refills.
The adapter needs to be printed in the polished white or coloured plastics, as the smooth polished finish is functionally desirable. The D1 refill is held in place, by the adapter, using friction. The holes around the side of the adapter are present to help with the removal of unbonded plastic powder from the core, when being polished. However, some powder may still need to be removed, with a pin or thin metal rod, before inserting the refill.
Due to the very varied nature of pen design, I cannot guarantee that this adapter will work with any specific pen, although I've made every effort to make it as universal as possible. The neck of the Lamy M16 refill is 2.2mm in diameter, while the D1 is 2.3mm in diameter. Some Lamy pens may have a hole at the pen tip which is too narrow for the D1 refill, without modification.
I plan to make as many refill types compatible with as many host pens as possible, so If you have any suggestions on refill adapters, please let me know and I can hopefully make it available, depending on the relative sizes involved. I have now createdÂ dimensioned drawings of over 80 standard and obscure ballpoint, gel and rollerball refill types, so I like to think that I have a fair idea of what is and isn't possible.