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This model of the CaquotType R Observation Balloon is available in either 1:700 or 1:600 scale. It is printed as a kit of five parts including three separate observervation baskets and crew.
Each model is just 40.3 mm long by 16.6mm wide in 1:700 scale and 47mm by 19.3mm in 1:600.
See the illustrations above for information on how the kit is constructed.
Developed in 1916 by Albert Caquot, this design had major advantages over the Parseval-Sigsfeld "Drachenballon"( kite balloon) then in use with most of the warring nations and by 1918 it had replaced virtually all of them. The U.S. alone for example, produced over a thousand and the same basic design was used again for barrage balloons during WW2. They were used for the traditional tasks of artillery direction and battleground surveillance on land and at sea they became extremely important in the role of submarine spotting where height enabled the submerged u-boats to be seen.
The Type R was the largest of four sizes that had become standard by the end of the Great War : Type P at 750m3, Type P2 at 820m3 , Type M2 at 930m3 and Type R at 1,000m3. It could carry three observers and baskets to an altitude of 500m or two to 1,000m, and seems to have been the type mostly used by the US Navy and Army. Photo evidence suggests that the RN used mainly (but not exclusively) Type Ms.
Towards the end of the war and as German heavier-than-air bombers became more and more effective, it was Type R and M2 envelopes that were used in the anti-aircraft balloon curtain barrages around Paris and London. (Please note that the Caquot Type M is also available in the shop HERE. It had a more oval and less teardrop shaped envelope than the Type R. )