is a member of the sauropod family and one of the most well known of all dinosaurs. It gets its name from the great height of its humerus, or upper arm bone - which is longer than most humans are tall. For almost a century, Brachiosaurus
was considered the tallest of all dinosaurs, being over nine metres tall. Since then, other dinosaurs have been discovered to have been taller.
Originally discovered in 1900 in Colorado, Brachiosaurus
was named in 1903 by Elmer Riggs of the Field Museum in Chicago. Brachiosaurus
was once thought to have lived in both the United States and Africa (Tanzania) in the Jurassic
. Scientists believed that Africa and North America were connected during the Jurassic. However, the African species of Brachiosaurus
is now thought to be a different genus called Giraffatitan