Cardinals, in the family Cardinalidae, are passerine birds found in North and South America. They are also known as cardinal-grosbeaks and cardinal-buntings. The South American cardinals in the genus Paroaria are placed in another family, the Thraupidae.
They are robust, seed-eating birds with strong bills. The family's smallest member is the 12-cm (4.7-in), 11.5-g (0.40-oz) orange-breasted bunting
. They are typically associated with open woodland
. The sexes usually have distinctive appearances. The northern cardinal type species
was named by colonists for the male's red crest
, reminiscent of a Catholic cardinal
The "North American buntings" are known as such to distinguish them from buntings of the Old World family Emberizidae. The name "cardinal-grosbeak" can also apply to the cardinalid family as a whole.
Most species are rated by the IUCN
as being of least concern
, though some are near threatened
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