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The Hawaiian Islands
: Mokupuni o Hawai‘i
) are an archipelago
of eight major islands
, several atolls
, numerous smaller islets
, and undersea seamounts
in the North Pacific Ocean
, extending some 1,500 miles (2,400 kilometers) from the island of Hawaiʻi
in the south to northernmost Kure Atoll
. Formerly the group was known to Europeans and Americans as the "Sandwich Islands
", a name chosen by James Cook
in honor of the then First Lord of the Admiralty John Montagu, 4th Earl of Sandwich
. The contemporary name is derived from the name of the main island, Hawaii Island.
Data Sources: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)