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The Grossflugdeckkreuzer concept (not to be confused with the flugzeugkreuzer) emerged in 1942 following the need to provide air cover for Kriegsmarine operations and their use as large surface commerce raiders, even though the latter concept died to death with Bismarck the previous and Scharnhorst the following year. Notwithstanding, a series of hybrid designs was drawn up for a 'large aviation cruiser', the four designs (the first was a proper carrier) of the A series, even though they were in all intents and purposes aviation battleships, ranging from 40,000 to 70,000 metric tons in displacement. Design AII was first of the series: 245 mt in length and 40,000 tons, it was more of a surface raider than an aviation ship, with an anemic air group of 24 aircraft. They were backed up, or rather be a backup of, four 28cm guns in a single quad turret, 16 15cm guns in twin casemates, the same that equipped the Graf Zeppelin class carriers, 16 10.5cm and 14 3.7cm twin mounts. With a speed of 34kn at 210,000shp, it was comparable to the same powerplant of the Iowa class. Commerce raiding in large surface ships was proven not viable anymore already with the battle of the Falklands in WW1, and the outdated doctrine for this kind of Kriegsmarine operations really show the toll taken by the forced two-decade pause in the management of a large surface navy imposed by the restrictions of the Versailles Treaty.