Triacontahedron

Discussion in 'My Work In Progress' started by Magic, Nov 25, 2012.

  1. Magic
    Magic Well-Known Member
    The Rhombic Triacontahedron is one of my favorite polyhedron.
    You can include a dodecahedron and an icosahedron inside it.
    I made a model showing those two polyhedra included into a Triacontahedron.
    [​IMG]
    The Triacontahedron is in yellow, the dodecahedron in red and the icosahedron in blue.

    The goal of this model is to show how to calculate the volume of the Triacontahedron using those two inclusions. You also need to know that the diagonal (that is the distance bewteen two non consecutive vertices) of a pentagon is the size of its side multiplied by φ, and you need to know how to calculate the volume of a pyramid (one third of the area of its base multiplied by its height).
    This video can help.

    So can you calculate its volume?
    ;)

     
  2. bartv
    bartv New Member
    No ;)
     
  3. Magic
    Magic Well-Known Member
    :laughing:
    OK, perhaps some hints are needed...

    Hint #1:
    The volume of the triacontahedron is 30 times the volume of a pyramid whose base is one of the 30 rhombi and whose apex is the center of the triacontahedron.

     
  4. Magic
    Magic Well-Known Member
    Hint #2:
    The volume of a pyramid is one third of the area of its base multiplied by its height.

     
  5. Magic
    Magic Well-Known Member
    Hint #3:
    AB and A"B" are parallel and have the same size.
    tria010.jpg
    This is due to the facts that
    - ABB'A' is a parallelogram (actually a rhombus) thus AB and A'B' are parallel and have the same size.
    - A'B'B"A" is a also parallelogram (actually a rhombus too) thus A'B' and A"B" are parallel and have the same size.
    - By transitivity, AB and A"B" are also parallel and have the same size.