Mobile printing at its most accessible...on the street corner between the hot dog guy & the mime. Unfold Design Studio (also known for their 3d printed ceramics) follows up their orignal Kiosk project with a new & improved verison...Kiosk 2.0. They state "Kiosk is a project that explores a near future scenario in which digital fabricators are so ubiquitous, that we see them on street corners, just like fast food today sold in NY style mobile food stalls." The mobile printing station features a Bits to Bytes FDM printer, multiple filament spools, & an onboard scanner all mounted to a sweet ride with an umbrella.
They ask "How does this scenario challenge our perception of authorship, originality, design, what the role of the designer when goods are moved around in the form of digital blueprints and appropriated in ways beyond our control?" These are good questions to be asking as we move forward at the quickening pace of the 3d printed future.
Great video (no sound though) of giant dual-robot armed DLP Printer building some kind of monsterous resin stalagtite. It is called "Phantom Geometry" and is a masters thesis in architecture by husband and wife team, Kyle von Hasseln and Liz von Hasseln.
The project was developed in the Robot House at the Southern California Institute of Architecture (SCI_Arc) and awarded the inaugural Gehry Prize. The work is focused on the development of a system for generating material volume from streaming data. The creators state: "This system of fabrication relies upon native real-time feed-back and feed-forward mechanisms, and is therefore interruptible and corruptible at any time. The streaming data input may be transformed or modified at any time, and such" interventions impact emerging downstream geometry."
The layers are approx 3.5mm thick, cured in about 90-180 seconds slowing to as much as 500+ seconds as the build progresses (maybe the bulb was dying?). Clear resin was chosen partly to be able to cure thick layers as well as easthetic reasons. They were able to cure 1mm of resin about as quickly as 3.5mm. Layer thickness was chosen for speed & cost considerations. The main idea was to build a large, networked object within the intersecting workspheres of the robots allowing the object to bifurcate and merge with other neighboring stalactites. The second important idea is that the data was accessible in real-time. They were able to modify the 3d geometry as it was printed as well as the 2D image of the sliced 3D geometry right before it was sent to the projector. They were able to control layer thickness on the fly and add perforations. Because of this, they foresee very cool possibilities for scripting geometry.
Formlabs has just rolled out their FORM 1 3d printer on Kickstarter. They have become fully funded in just 2.5 hours ($100,000 goal)! There are some exceptional differences in this machine compared to the typical FDM & DLP printers out there. This is SL based technology (stereolithography) using a $10 Blu-Ray laser (same as in hi-def DVD players) for photo exposure versus a $10,000 laser typically found in SLA machines. FORM 1 boasts build resolutions of 25 micron (.001") in Z & 300 micron (.012") feature details. Build envelop is listed at 125 x 125 x 160mm (4.9 x 4.9 x 6.5 inches). This is a substantial improvement over other desktop printers in its class. Although this price tier is sold out (higher priced tiers remain at time of this writing) the starting price for the machine was placed at $2,299. This project is exceptionally well put together & the machine looks to be at a considerably mature design stage. Formlabs states that they have built 7 generations of prototypes & a production run of alpha machines. They have developed their own software package for build setups & support generation which does not look to be opensource. No mention of future software/hardware support but the project is already a go so we'll see how the company & product develops. Exciting stuff, Love it!
DUS, a Dutch architecture firm, unveiled their KamerMaker ("RoomBuilder"). It is the first mobile 3D printer with the capacity to print inhabitable pavilions. The technology is based on the Ultimaker printer (essentially RepRap) but can print as large as 2.2 x 2.2 x 3.5 meters. It is housed in a giant chrome box that looks as if aliens had plopped down & begun building homes for themselves. Although arguably not quite large enough yet to build a pavilion in a single go, it could certainly fabricate the pieces for onsite assembly. The idea is to implement a more local & adaptable design approach, reuse available materials, & offer mobile construction of emergency & temporary shelter.
Arts collective panGenerator has created an interesting piece entitled FLOAT. It has surrounded a fish tank (that has a fish in it) with cameras. They plot the fish's movements, compile that & turn it into a 3D Printed sculpture. Exceptionally interesting shapes & patterns made by the random wandering of a fish in it's prison. Always wonderful to see information in a form we can study & appreciate. Would like to see this done with a colony of ants, a flock of starlings...or us in Times Square.
German hacker and security consultant who goes by the name "Ray" demonstrated Friday at the Hackers On Planet Earth conference in New York a 3d printed & laser cut keys that open high security handcuffs. He was able to open handcuffs built by the German firm Bonowi and the English manufacturer Chubb who both use a single key design for their products. Although the keys are purportedly harder to come by than more standard cuffs & not commercially available, Ray says he bought a Chubb key from eBay, and obtained the rarer Bonowi key through an unnamed source. He reverse engineered the keys & built CAD models that he then cut in plexiglass with a laser cutter and printed in ABS plastic with a Repman 3D printer.
Ray, says his goal isn't to reduce security but to expose the vulnerability. He states, that his tools are already available to criminals along with the rest of the public. "If someone is planning a prison or court escape, he can do it without our help." says Ray. He says he won't post CAD models online, given that those keys are harder to obtain and providing models for their reproduction could in fact reduce their real-world security. But their availability should serve as a wake-up call. The cuffs' applications include restraints for airplane passengers & plastic keys can easily be carried through airport security. "People who have a high value goal don'tmind the cost of using a higher cost method. Someone with a higher criminal goal doesn't care if it takes one dollar or one hundred dollars to make this key" he says. "Lock security was broken before. I've just made it easier."
I submit that the zip tie style thumb cuffs are just as effective & cheaper than the old-timey metal ones particularly now that the keys are so easily reproduceable. Hey, you could print the zip ties too!
French-born engineer and designer Luc Fusaro, a student at the Royal College of Art in London, claims he has invented the world's fastest running shoe. Using 3d scans, the "Designed to Win" shoe is designed around the unique shape of a runner's foot, weighs 96 grams, and it can improve performance by as much as 3.5% (about .35 seconds in a 100-meter dash). The shoe is not designed for long distance but for sprinter's that time is the difference between silver and gold. Unfortunately it will not be available for the upcoming Olympics but Fusaro hopes to have it ready for the 2016 games.
Burritob0t is the thesis project of grad student Marko Manriquez at NYU's Interactive Telecommunications Program at the Tisch School of the Arts. This is in many respects similar to the Cornucopia. I'm skeptical if the world's first 3d printed burrito has happened yet or if this is just concept but I am so hungry. Mmmm, extruded piles of beans, cheese, guacamole & sour cream. Imagine the implications in the fast food industry & @ 2am when you've maybe had too many drinks...instant burrito! Enjoy.
Inline with the recent advances of the ReconstructMe software package that turns your Microsoft Kinect into a 3D scanner, there are some new developments that may add to, or offer options to what's already being done. Check 'em out.
Leap Motion gesture control with high precision 3D interaction. Claims to be 200x more sensitive than Kinect & at $70 it is quite appealing. Wondering if this could be used in the same way as Kinect with ReconstructMe to create high-res scans.
Armada Concept 3d scanner device with dual 18mp cameras, aluminum body, & Class II laser (safe on the eyes). Meant to sync with your smart phone via bluetooth.
Matterport 3d scanner technology that boasts the ability to scan entire rooms & environments
MiiCraft is the latest crowdfunding campaign for a 3d printer. This one looks to have all the necessary variables to be set them apart. Hi-resolution, low cost, opensource software & firmware, reasonable project funding goal. Their 3D Printer is based on SLA technology using Pico DLP projectors & boasts a resolution of 450ppi (56 micron) X/Y axis & 0.1mm (100 micron) single layer Z axis. Build speed is spec'd at 2cm per hour with ip to 3cm per hour possible for some models. Build envelope is 43mm x 27mm x 180mm. Check the campaign out at http://www.indiegogo.com/miicraft
While low cost 3D printers are entering the market (Makerbot, Printrbot, Portabee, eMaker, etc) they require extruded plastic filament that costs about $40-$54 per kg that is 5-10 times the cost of the raw resin pellets. The Desktop Factory Competition is seeking to fund an opensource filament maker for all you owners of these FDM type machines. The competition is a partnership between business competition aggregator iStartand online Fab supply storeInventables. The contest is offering $40,000 for the first filament making machine to meet their criteria. I an addition to the cash (from theKauffman Foundation) the winner will also receive a "Desktop Fabrication Lab" (3D printer, FS Laser Cutter, & Shapeoko CNC Mill). I'm hoping the winning design is made of all printed parts
As much as I love digital sculpture and 3D modeling, I do like to to step outside for some fresh air now and again. So in the interest of avoiding growing my hair & beard down to the ground & using a pickle jar for a bathroom, I started looking for some apps that allow me to squeeze in some creative productivity while on the go, particularly during the everyday occasions of waiting & wasted time (i.e. while stuck on the train, plane, bus, post office, DMV, spending the night in jail. etc.) I do love my sketchbook but now I can actually do some rough sculpting & modeling while not parked in front of a computer... glorious!
I'm using an Android phone so here's my list of what I'm goofing with. What's even better is these are all free (by the way, I am not affiliated or otherwise getting any sweet kickbacks for mentioning these products).
My new favorite is TrueSculpt Virtual Sculpture by Fabrice Boyer (like a lite version of Sculptris or Zbrush). Offers symmetrical sculpting, polypainting, & OBJ export. Everything I would have asked for (had I been asked).
Sketcher 3D LITE is more of a box modeling type of app. Still working on figuring this one out. All the export functions are disabled unless you get the pro version. Also available for Apple devices.
There are many, many 3D viewers but I like the usability of Glovious Lite, STL View, & 3D Model Viewer. As expected, file sizes are limited but these can come in handy nonetheless.
Unfortunately I can't personally comment on the quality of these but here's some for Apple devices (these are not free). Apple has quite a few apps in this arena so have a look around, you might find something new. I'd love to get some users feedback about which ones work well for you.
Ludo is a Paris-based street artist who's work incorporates contrasting images of natural elements & with human inventions. He has also explored "co-branding" of adverts. Bugs & weapons are a common theme and wheatpasted posters and spraypaint have been his tools of choice. Well he's now dabbling in 3d printed sculpture & using none other than polyamide as a medium. Enjoy!
Comparative information through 2D infographics has become THE way to communicate numbers at a glance.
Check out "InfObjects", three dimensional info-visualization by Johannes Tsopanides. Fun data driven designs with a communicative purpose. Using opensource software he uses data to generate designs then 3D prints them as tangible objects. Within the topic of food, he has created a model based on the amount of energy, CO2 and cost of particular dishes and their ingredients. The products are not intended to be objects of utility. They rather have the function to raise awareness for the topic & could be used within the context of an information campaign. His design studio SHAPES iN PLAY have developed other projects using using parametric design & data driven geometries including a couple very cool sound based projects.